by Vivian Unger
The U.S. Census 2010 was one of the most successful surveys to date in terms of citizen response rate. In fact, the response rate was 72 percent saving the taxpayers almost $2 million in door-to-door field surveys. A marketing campaign including social media was the main reason for the successful responses in surveys. We will look at some of the trends and see why the Census can have such impact on our communities.
First, we all have observed that our population is shifting and becoming diverse. The U.S. Census published an overview that describes the race and ethnic population trends. The non-Hispanic White alone population is still statistically the leading major race and ethnic group in the U.S. It is also growing at a slower rate than other populations. The next largest major race group is the Black population. They experienced growth over the decade however; it also grew at a slower rate slightly more than the White race group. Another fast growing new category is people reporting more than one race such as the American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander. The most significant finding in the 2010 U.S. Census is the growth of the Hispanic population up 43 percent. In Denton County from 2000 to 2010, the Hispanic population grew significantly at 130 percent. The U.S. Census 2010 resulted in such major population shifts that eight states will gain members and 10 states will lose members in the House of Representatives. The top three states with the most gains are California, Florida, Texas and Arizona, with Texas picking up 15 seats in the House of Representatives.
In summary, the Census 2010 was a very successful survey giving us important data about our shifting and diverse population. This data will no doubt enable the states with providing appropriate services for their communities. Texans will certainly see improvements throughout our state thanks to the updated Census 2010 figures.